, Hong Kong developed into a filmmaking hub during the late 1940s as a wave of Shanghai filmmakers migrated to the territory, and these movie veterans helped rebuild the colony's entertainment industry over the next decade. , Hong Kong has eleven universities.  In 2016, 26.6 million visitors contributed HK$258 billion (US$32.9 billion) to the territory, making Hong Kong the 14th most popular destination for international tourists. The number of films produced annually has declined to about 60 in 2017.  The vast majority of this energy comes from fossil fuels, with 46 per cent from coal and 47 per cent from petroleum. The Qing surrendered early in the war and ceded Hong Kong Island in the Convention of Chuenpi. ", "Hong Kong topples New York as world's richest city", "China Resumes Control of Hong Kong, Concluding 156 Years of British Rule", "It's fade out for Hong Kong's film industry as China moves into the spotlight", "Hong Kong's Mile-Long Escalator System Elevates the Senses: A Stairway to Urban Heaven", "World's longest sea-crossing bridge opens between Hong Kong and China", "Hong Kong pro-democracy legislators disqualified from parliament", "Forgotten stories of the great escape to Hong Kong", "Top 10 Hong Kong skyscraper nicknames, from the Big Syringe to the Hong Kong Finger", "A Hong Kong court has disqualified two legislators who refused to take their oath "correctly, "Hong Kong's umbrella revolution – the Guardian briefing", "Hong Kong Imports Over 90% of Its Food. The big Tai Tam Country Park is behind the urban area of Hong Kong Island.  About half the population have some form of British nationality, a legacy of colonial rule; 3.4 million residents have British National (Overseas) status, and 260,000 British citizens live in the territory. There are no bridges between the island and Kowloon, although two bridges – the Ap Lei Chau Bridge, a road bridge, and Aberdeen Channel Bridge, part of the South Island line – connect the island to Ap Lei Chau.  Toilets flush with seawater, greatly reducing freshwater use..  Agricultural activity is 0.1% of GDP, and consists of growing premium food and flower varieties. The first modern competition was organised in 1976, and overseas teams began competing in the first international race in 1993. , The name of the territory, first romanised as "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780, originally referred to a small inlet located between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. Can It Learn to Grow? , The Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. "Hong Kong Activists Stare Down 'Great Firewall of China'", Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, "Education in Hong Kong and China: Towards Convergence? The Japanese enforced a repatriation policy throughout the period of occupation because of the scarcity of food and the possible counter-attack of the Allies.  Bagua mirrors are regularly used to deflect evil spirits, and buildings often lack floor numbers with a 4; the number has a similar sound to the word for "die" in Cantonese. , 80.2% of Hong Kong Island's residents use Cantonese as their usual language, while 8% use English and 1.9% use Mandarin..  This was followed by the 2003 SARS epidemic, during which the territory experienced its most serious economic downturn. Largest cities or municipalities in the People's Republic of China, [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ tɐ̀k̚.pìːt̚ hɐ̏ŋ.tsēŋ.kʰɵ́y], [hœ̂ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ tɐ̀k̚.pìːt̚ hɐ̏ŋ.tsēŋ.kʰɵ́y], the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, Independent Commission Against Corruption, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, 14th most popular destination for international tourists, Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System, eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Hong Kong Link Road, Legislative Council Disclaimer and Copyright Notice, "Survey and Mapping Office – Circulars and Publications", "Population - Overview | Census and Statistics Department", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020", UN Human Development Indices and Indicators 2018, Technical Legislative Amendments on Traffic Arrangements for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge 2017, "World's Richest Cities: The Top 10 Cities Billionaires Call Home", "Country Comparison: GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)", Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, "Aquilaria sinensis and origin of the name of Hong Kong", "The Petrology of the Wong Tei Tung Stone Tool Manufacturing Site, Sham Chung, Hong Kong Sar, China", "Pro-China Party Appears Big Loser in Hong Kong Election".  The universal public healthcare system is funded by general-tax revenue, and treatment is highly subsidised; on average, 95 per cent of healthcare costs are covered by the government. It is separated from the mainland (Kowloon Peninsula and New Territories) by Victoria Harbour.  The Sino-British Joint Declaration provided for economic and administrative continuity through the transfer of sovereignty, resulting in an executive-led governing system largely inherited from the territory's history as a British colony. The Dongjiang River in Guangdong supplies 70 per cent of the city's water, and the remaining demand is filled by harvesting rainwater.  Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea, silk, and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant, so that Chinese goods could only be bought with precious metals. And how should we best guess crowd size?  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