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muga silkworm host plant

The feeding habits of Antheraea assamensis, Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) larvae towards the leaves of its four different host plants, Persea bombycina King ex. Germination will take place within 40-60 days in Som seeds. We are interested in understanding how Muga silkworm respond to pathogens, but also how other factors (other pathogens, different host plant, etc.) As a sericulturalist, he rears Muga silkworms to produce the rare golden silk. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som, Accounting to the State Sericulture Department, the State has produced 114.56 MT Muga Raw Silk, during the year 2011-12 as against 113.28 MT Muga Raw Silk, produced in the State during the year 2010-11. This has affected the ecosystem stability. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. It is generally seen that the early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning. Muga silkworm host plant, som (Persea bombycina Kost.) Sow the seeds in ready nursery beds within a week. Cultivation practices of perennial eri silkworm host plant Kesseru in Ericulture, Package and practices for cultivation of Eri silkworm host plant Castor in Ericulture, Disease and pests management of muga silkworm food plants for improvement of muga silk productivity, Cultivation of Ratanyot (JATROPHA CURCUS), Conserving Fodder in the form of Silage and Hay, Fodder Production and Livestock Feeding Management in Eastern India, उत्‍तर भारत में खरीफ मौसम में प्‍याज की खेती, Herbal Kisan - Mobile app for Medicinal and Aromatic crops, ग्रामोफोन मोबाइल एप : किसानों का साथी भी और सलाहकार भी, पढ़े-लिखे युवाओं में खेती के प्रति बढ़ता रुझान, Handheld crop sensor Optimize Fertilizer Use; Monitor Crop Health, लाभकारी खेती के लि‍ए राष्ट्रीय कृषि बीमा योजना. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. To Evaluate the food plants qualities of eri silkworm. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Highlighting some of the differences in varieties of Muga host plant. Foliar spray of 0.10% Bavistin twice in 15 days interval. plants 6,7,8 such as Som (Persea bombycina), Soalu (Litsea polyantha), Dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and Mejankari (Litsea citrata). 3.27(ii)]. *Email- This email address is being protected from spambots. can influence in the interaction. Muga Seed Farms are established to produce Basic muga seed cocoons to cater to the need of commercial rearers. Nees and L. citrata Blume, and the chemical basis of feeding preference were investigated. This new integrated LFT may help in adopting indoor rearing of naturally wild Muga silkworm for more production of Muga silk yean. Nees and L. citrata Blume, and the chemical basis of feeding preference were investigated. Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the entire silk industry. The developing larvae of the pest secrete gummy substance and roll the adjacent leaves into leaf rolls. PPF-5893: Impact assessment of petroleum crude oil on muga silkworm and their host plants in Assam . Mechanical control like plucking and burning of infested leaves. In Muga sericulture, a Som plant (Machilus bombycina) is used as primary host plants of Muga silkworm (Antheraea assama, Helfer). var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; Round to oval brown colour spots irregularly spread on the entire leaf. His accomplishments include: The conservation of 12 landraces of host plants for the golden silk producing Muga silkworm. of Mulberry Silkworm Seed Farms i.e. Basic Muga Seed Farm, Narayanpur, in Lakhimpur, Govt. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer, generally reared outdoor on standing host trees for which it is always under pressure of vagaries of weather conditions causing substantial loss. Seeds are usually propagated by fallen excreta of birds with undigested seed scattered over a wide area. Transplant 6-8 months old seedlings in to the ready pits after removing the poly bag during rainy season (June to August). metres of silk cloth; from which one can obtain six pieces of muga silk jaiñsem which will take about 75 days, to get the finished product from a single loom. On the other hand, it is very difficult to maintaining the castor as it has very low resistance to diseases. Basic Muga Seed Farm Khanapara, in Kamrup, Govt. plant species Litsea monopetala Roxb. Phyllosphere Microflora of Muga Silkworm Host Plant Persea bombycina Kost (Som) Leaves in Jorhat District of Assam, India Bhuyan P.M., Sandilya S.P. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; is the primary host plant of muga silkworm that belongs to the family Lauraceae is a perennial tree with grey … Bombyx mori and mulberry constitute a model of insect–host plant interactions. Pilot Studies : PS-002-CFC: Exploration of a novel chemical assisted muga cocoon cooking method for improving its reelability and raw silk quality: Dr. Manjunath RN : June - August 2020: PS-001-APS: Loose egg production in Eri culture: Dr. Mahesh DS. The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. All Information found within krishi sewa website is without GUARANTEE. Generally, seedlings are attacked by aphids or some other insect pests. Prepare pits of 30x30x30 cm at 3m x 3m spacing in row to row. chemically treated host plant leafs used in LFT and spray of streptomycin sulfate solution. Moreover few castor plants do not stand in low-lying areas. of Assam. Muga silkworm host plant, som (Persea bombycina Kost.) Timely cultural operation like pruning and pollarding is also effective. Earlier several authors have reported that insect pest infesting a particular crop differs from place to place. Som plants are prone to various disease and pests that affect the quality and quantity of leaves and ultimately affect on cocoon production. The plants are propagated in two ways (i) Sexual method and (ii) Asexual method. Diseases to Muga silkworm causing huge economic losses and we are developing new technology to control diseases for better future of sericulture in North-East India. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. A document repository where all types of the documents of the organization can be searched and located in the shortest possible time. Remove weeds from the nursery beds at regular intervals for healthy growth of seedlings. The name "eri" is derived from the Assamese word "era", which means "castor", as the silkworm feeds on castor plants. Helfer, is a sericigenous insect secreting a golden yellow coloured lustrous silk. Accounting to the State Sericulture Department, the State has produced 114.56 MT Muga Raw Silk, during the year 2011-12 as against 113.28 MT Muga Raw Silk, produced in the State during the year 2010-11. Mechanical control by burning and destroying of infested shoots is found effective. In this zone production of seed is more difficult because, the seasonal conditions for rearing of seed cocoon production are not conductive. Once the seedlings attain a height of 3 ft., tip-plugging is need for more branching. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Only cultural specificity is being managed and took care by Muga rearer. This option provides the details of the sub organisations and links to their respective websites. Dr. D.K. It prefer to suck sap from the buds, lateral surface of the tender leaves and shoots of the plants. Central Muga Eri Research and Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. APS-3612: Development of Seed Preservation Technology for Muga Silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) (with SSTL, CSB, Kodathi) Funding agency: CSB, Bangalore are the primary food plants of eri silkworm. Seed to prevent fungal infestation. Eri Seed Grainage (ESG) Borduar, Topatoli- Kamrup, Jamuguri- Sonitpur, Deomornoi- Darrang, Barbaha- Nagaon (Hojai), Oujari- Morigaon, Demow- Sivasagar, Rangagarah- Golaghat (Bokakhat), North Lakhimpur- Lakhimpur, Jonai- Dhemaji (Jonai), Rangsali- Dibrugarh, Tingrai, - Tinsukia , Lakhimipathar- Tinsukia (Sadiya), Dharmikhal, Harinagar- Cachar,  Adarkona- Karimganj, Dhenubhanga Goalpara, Kokrajhar-Kokrajhar, Goreswar, Jalah- Baksa, Bhergaon- Udalguri (Bhergaon), Dengaon, Dillaji, Umsoi- Karbi Anglong, Khejurband, Haflong-  Dima Hasao are established which produce Disease free layings to cater to the need of eri rearers. The silkworm seed production centers are referred as grainages. Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production Silkworm Seed (Egg- Polu koni) is the backbone of silk industry. In areas where muga culture is practiced as seasonal crops, timely supply of quality seed demands proper planning of seed production and distribution of the same. Apply 1% Indofil M-45 twice at 15 days interval. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. The state faces many challenges with the major one being migration from hills. This area has identified as seed zone by Central Silk Board. Oct., 2017-Sept., 2020. In all the host plants … document.getElementById('cloak0e34c9349ef9d66c9d39f6719e430023').innerHTML = ''; The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. Included in the riches of India’s agrobiodiversity is the golden silk producing Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis) and the host plants on which they depend. aspects of nutritional composition of host plants of muga and eri have revealed many mechanisms responsible for the en-hancement in productivity. Spraying of insecticide like Dimecron 0.03% at interval of 15 days and burning the infested leaves and parts of the plant. Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant under natural conditions. Seed bed preparation. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. Sericulture Demonstrator and Assistant Manager are conduct rearing in farm and centre and take active participation in raising of seedling and DFLs production and supply the Seedling and DFLs to the farmers. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. The feeding habits of Antheraea assamensis, Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) larvae towards the leaves of its four different host plants, Persea bombycina King ex. 5 Major diseases and predators of Silkworm and their control. Growth, development and economic characters of silkworms are influenced to a great extent by nutritional content of their food plants3. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Strategies for Maintenance of Non-Mulberry Silkworm and Host Plant Germplasm Held at Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam, India on … Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. The naturally available host plants found in the district of Bageshwar provides an immense opportunity for the proliferation of the Muga silkworms in the region. var addy0e34c9349ef9d66c9d39f6719e430023 = 'rajibsingh25' + '@'; host plants (Choudhury, 1982, 2005; Thangavelu et al., 1988; Barah et al., 1992; Singha & Das, 1999; Chakravorty, 2004; Saikia et al., 2004; Bindroo et al., 2009) among which Som, Persea bombycina Kost. Both Government and private sector grainages are involved in this activity. author(s) Pooja Kala, Bijeta and DP Paliwal. Circular or irregular brown spots surrounded by yellow margin appear on both surface of the young leaf as well as mature leaf. Seasonal intercrops like zinger, turmeric, potato or tomato etc. This combination of beauty and strength has made for a … To prevent grazing animals, fencing around the seedlings or around the garden is necessary. ... Tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta) and Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis) respectively. abstract The state of Uttarakhand has been endowed with natural resources which need to be exploited in an efficient manner. Hook (Laurales: Lauraceae), Litsea polhantha Jussieu, L. salicifolia Roxburgh ex. Package and Practices for cultivation of perennial Muga silkworm host plant Som (Persea bombycina) Kost हि‍ंदी में नऐ लेख गन्ने का प्‍लासी छिद्रक कीट: समस्या एवं निवारण गन्ने का प्‍लासी छिद्रक कीट: समस्या एवं निवारण, कृषि एवं बागवानी फसलों में मृदा परीक्षण का महत्व एवं मृदा नमूना लेने की विधि, उन्नत तकनीक से गुणवतायुक्त फील्ड मटर की खेती, लाल मिर्च: तुड़ाई एवं तुड़ाई उपरांत प्रबंधन, पौष्टिक सांवा मिलेट से बढायें आहार की गुणवत्ता, Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD): Triggering concerns among thousands of dairy farmers, Bioherbicides a Tool to Manage the Weeds in Organic Farming, Bovine Brucellosis: A contagious abortion endemic in India, Biofertilizers - Types & their application, 8 Most common diseases of Cattles and their treatments. document.getElementById('cloak840b2cc38cb1448537f9892ede5df9bf').innerHTML = ''; is a heterogeneous wild deciduous tree available abundantly in natural forest of northeast India. Seeds that submerge and gather at the bottom of the container during washing should be    collected and allowed to dry in shady place. Select well drained high land in a shady place. Present status and constraints of muga silkworm host plant germplasm conservation. Wash the seeds thoroughly in running water to remove the pulp completely. This email address is being protected from spambots. Another type of eri silk is "Ailanthus silk moth", refers to the host plant, Borkesseu, Ailanthus excelsa, practiced in China. The oak tasar silkworm feed on 16 Quercus species is distrib- Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. The primary food plant of eri silkworm is castor and 41 accessions are maintained. Application of optimum dose of Potassium fertilizers. Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. Weaving process Muga silk, which is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea Assamensis. Select high land free from water logging and plough the land properly. Host plants: The muga worm feeds on aromatic leaves of Som [Fig. Naharpotia-leaf shape resembling leaf of Indian iron wood (Mesua ferrea L.), Belpotia- Seeds from selected plants ensure production of healthy … Indofil M-45 can be used as a prophylactic measure to control. Select high and shady land free from water logging. Castor (Ricinus communis) is the principal host plant of erisilkworm (Philosamia ricini) (chowdhury, 1982). These silkworms feed on the leaves of the aromatic Som (Machiulus bombycine) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha) plants creating a golden, glossy silk with extreme durability. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; As the disease advance the brownish coloured lesions/streaks appear on the twigs also. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. Muga culture in North Eastern India is practiced all the year where seasons and rearing conditions vary. Pollarding is generally done in the month of September-October. Hook (Laurales: Lauraceae), Litsea polhantha Jussieu, L. salicifolia Roxburgh ex. The lipid and fatty acid composition of the leaves (tender, medium and mature) of muga host plants, Machilus bombycina, Litsaea monopetala (primary food plants) and L. cubeba and L. salicifolia (family: Lauraceae) (secondary food plants) was investigated by standard procedures, gas chromatography after saponification and esterification. Maintain a gap of 30 cm between two seed beds for cultural operation as well as for drainage. Yellow green, orange or grey colour hairy pustules appear on the upper surface of the leaves and the affected branches become stunted and bear chlorotic leaves. About 10,000 muga cocoons can generate about 2kg of raw silk, producing 21 sq. Timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed can alone sustain sericulture as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops. Muga culture Selection of host plant Muga farmers apply their traditional knowledge to identify suitable host plant for muga silkworm rearing. Spray 0.03% Dimecron and burning the infested leaves. predation of silkworm and muga host plant by insect pests that damages crop significantly. Besides these 6 Nos Muga Seed Development Project (MSDP), MSDP Bhakatpara and Kahibama in Kamrup, MSDP, Jagduar in Jorhat, MSDP in Barahibari-Sivasagar and MSDP Dhakuakhana in Lakhimpur district are established to produce quality muga seed cocoon and seeds.. 26 Nos. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), Mejankari … of Assam. Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. Infested shoots gradually dry up. Spraying of 0.05% Phosphomidon and mechanically collecting and killing of caterpillars and eggs. Antherea assama is confined to only Brahmaputra Valley of India in the world. 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. Life history: The moth is multivoltine the entire life cycle lasts for about 50 days in summer and 120 days in winter. The lipid and fatty acid composition of the leaves (tender, medium and mature) of muga host plants, Machilus bombycina, Litsaea monopetala (primary food plants) and L. cubeba and L. salicifolia (family: Lauraceae) (secondary food plants) was investigated by standard procedures, gas chromatography after saponification and esterification. Basic Muga Seed Farm, Kokrajhar in Kokrajhar, Muga P2 Station- Jalah in Baksa, Muga sub-station Sarupathaer in Golaghat, Muga Farm Hamren in Karbi Anglong, Khorongma and Langklam in Dima Hasao. Sericulture:- Sericulture is an agro-based industry, rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.Food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament.. Silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing & surrounding itself with a long, continuous fibre or filament. After sowing, mulch the seed bed with a thin layer of thatch or dry hay. ,  This email address is being protected from spambots. Regular cultural operation like pruning and pollarding also prevent the disease. may be grown at the  space between the rows of plants from the beginning of plantation onward which give an additional income from the land till gestation period of plants. Sericulture is the art and science of cultivation of silkworm host plants and rearing of silkworms for the production of Silk. Biological analysis of leaves of silkworm host plant is most essential for improving the diet (or for formulating the artificial diet) of the silkworm. The detailed biology of insect was carried out on nature grown host plant under natural weather in District Bageshwar of State Uttarakhand, India. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). The present paper deals with the cultivation practices for Muga silkworms, prospects, constraints and strategies for cultivation of Muga silkworms in the district of Bageshwar. Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina ) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti ( Litsea salicifolia ) and mejankori ( Litsea citrata ) as Forecasting and forewarning for pest and diseases of muga host plants and silkworm (CSB) Dr. M. Chutia. and Gogoi D.K. It is a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants. Make seed beds of 5m x 1m in size with 10-15 cm high. Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the entire silk industry. Muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, is a sericigenous insect secreting a golden yellow coloured lustrous silk. In such cases, 0.03% Dimecron may be sprayed at 15 days interval. Pant, 1976). Timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed can alone sustain sericulture as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops. Spraying of 10% Thiodan also minimizes the infestation. Silkworms do not synthesize urease and acquire it from mulberry leaves. For proper and healthy growth, transplant 2-3 months old seedlings in to polythene bags of the size of 15-20 cm filled with sand, soil and FYM in 1:1:1 ratio. Muga silkworm (Antherea assamensis), the famous golden silk producer from Assam, is traditionally reared on two main primary host plants Som – Persea bombycina and Soalu – Litsaea monopetala. Muga silk is a variety of wild silk geographically tagged to ... Out of this, Vakula and Naga-vriksa belong to the genus Ericales and Magnolia which the Muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis is known to feed on; while Likucha and Vata belong to the genus Moraceae(Mulberry) which the Pat Silkworm feeds on. 150 days in winter. Castor (Ricinus communis L) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Roxb.) What are the secondary food plants of eri silkworms? Apply 5 Kg FYM and 40 g urea, 60 g SSP and 15 g.MOP to each plant by making circular ring around the plant from 2. Although mulberry dominates silk variety in the global silk market, other non-mulberry silks also have importance in the domestic market. It was imported to Thailand in 1974. Being exposed to natural environment Muga culture practice encounter lots of problems right from brushing of worms to spinning of cocoons. Muga food plant production technology. Propagation of the host plants and their management: The host plants of muga silkworms are available in nature. Find information about the various schemes being implemented along with the benefits, grants and assistance. of Assam, Assam Government Marketing Corporation Ltd, Assam Apex Weavers and Artisans Cooperative Federation Ltd, Material of Exhibition & Publicity ARTFED. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. मूगा रेशम कीट          Muga Silkworm Feeding on Som plant, Disease and Pest Management in Som cultivation:-. Add 5 kg compost/FYM  in each pit and mix with the soil properly. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Thus muga seed suitable to ecological conditions of the region has to be supplied for optimum production of silk. 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. Som/Soalu plantation (the host plant for Muga silkworm) and also on Muga silkworm rearing. Agia-Goalpara, Howley-Barpeta, Titabar- Jorhat, Gaurisagar-Sivasagar, Pailapool- Cachar,  Kanduli and Senchowa- Nagaon, Rangati- and Tarioni -Lakhimpur, Hilloibam- Dibrugarh, Mangaldoi- Darrang, Sangbar- Dima Hasao are established to produce high quality disease free laying (DFLs) to meet the demand of seeds of Hills and plains of Assam. Silkworm Seed (Egg- Polu koni) is the backbone of silk industry. Water the seed beds at regular intervals for timely germination. Lack of knowledge of its genetics and host plants is a major bottleneck. Jigyasu. (http://databank.nedfi.com/content/sericulture-assam). Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. Eri silk comes from the caterpillar of Samia ricini, found in northeast India and some parts of China, Japan. Round to irregular brown spots on young and mature leaves in the form of ‘ash’ are irregularly spread on the entire leaf. Timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed can alone sustain sericulture as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops. Grey or ash colour spots grow irregularly on the leaves and entire leaf gets dried up. Systematic plantation of muga host plant is a primary need for enhancing production and productivity of muga raw silk. Availability of naturally grown host plants of golden Muga silkworms in Uttarakhand and their utilization under Muga silk production. Spraying of 0.20% Rogor at 15 days interval and plucking and burning of infested leaves. Key words: Leaf freshness, phago-stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate, indoor. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea … Host plants of muga silkworm Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer. Som seeds are initially sown in nursery beds or in poly bags and transplanted later to the field for raising systematic plantation. April., 2014 onwards . of muga silkworm species Antheraea assamensis Helfer, which is exclusively cultivated in Assam for production of precious muga silk fibre in India only in the world. Jethua and Kotia are the only crops used for commercial production while the rest of the crops are meant only for obtaining seeds for supplying and continuing rearing in favorable seasons. Som and Soalu plants are propagated through mainly seeds. Host plants: The muga worm feeds on aromatic leaves of Som [Fig. is a heterogeneous wild deciduous tree available abundantly in natural forest of northeast India. Food plants of Muga silkworm. In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is important to have a better knowledge of both its host plants and biology. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Lower Assam enjoys a salubrious climate for rearing of muga silkworms throughout the year. Jethua and Kotia are the only crops used for commercial production while the rest of the crops are meant only for obtaining seeds for supplying and continuing rearing in favorable seasons. कृषि‍ सेवा वेबसाईट पर उपलब्‍ध कि‍सी भी जानकारी की कि‍सी भी प्रकार की कोई गारंटी नही है, Publishing content of krishisewa site partially or fully, anywhere, is violation of copyright. Seeds from selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. Urease hydrolyzes urea to ammonia and is important for the nitrogen metabolism of silkworms because ammonia is assimilated into silk protein. Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant … ‘Chotua’ (reared during March-April) and ‘Bhodia’ (reared during August-September) are seed crops, ‘Jethua’ (May-June) and ‘Kotia’ (October-November) are commercial crop while ‘Jarua’ (December-January) and ‘Aherua’ (June-July) are pre seed crops. The leaf yield loss due to disease and pest is estimated about 20-30 percent. Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. Govt. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), the producer of golden silk, is a lepidopteran insect endemic to northeastern India. Biological control is one such alternative which supplements the use of chemical fertilizer, prevents the plant diseases, and promotes the health of the plants. Funding agency: CSB, Bangalore. It can also be reared on host plants similar to that of tasar worms. Important diseases, insects and pests of Banana and their management . Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant under natural conditions. (http://databank.nedfi.com/content/sericulture-assam). Eri silk is also known … The host plants are cultivated through propagation by seeds or vegetatively by air layering. Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant under natural conditions. Generally, seeds with 3.0 g. in weight and 7.0 mm in diameter are to be selected for sowing. Attempts were made to rear the silkworm under indoor conditions during different seasons. Keep the poly bags under shad after transplanting and water at regular intervals preferably in the morning or evening. Accounting to the State Sericulture Department, the State has produced 114.56 MT Muga Raw Silk, during the year 2011-12 as against 113.28 MT Muga Raw Silk, produced in the State during the year 2010-11. Apply 50 kg compost and 200g. addy840b2cc38cb1448537f9892ede5df9bf = addy840b2cc38cb1448537f9892ede5df9bf + 'rediffmail' + '.' + 'com'; The plants are trained and pruned regularly. Seed suitable to ecological conditions of the entire leaf that of tasar worms Blitox – )... Water to remove the weeds time to time from the healthy plants for the golden silk producing silkworm! In nature, with six broods per year, including two crops of... Cocoons to cater to the leaves of the documents of the container during washing be. From mulberry leaves advance the brownish coloured lesions/streaks appear on the twigs.. Natural forest of northeast India and destroying of infested leaves and parts of Northern India leaf gets dried.! 2Kg of raw silk, producing 21 sq of 0.10 % Bavistin twice in 15 days interval diseases... Larvae bored into the main trunk and size of the young leaf as well as mature leaf two! Of Exhibition & Publicity ARTFED ( Antheraea as sama ), Mejankari … food plants, Persea bombycina and. To cultivate about 450 muga host plants in Assam of land to cultivate 450... Uttarakhand and their control Pooja Kala, Bijeta and DP Paliwal the tender leaves and of! Round to irregular brown spots on young and mature leaves prior to spinning regular cultural operation pruning... Muga silkworm muga silkworm host plant their control status and constraints of muga silkworm muga silk is produced by the Garo community Assam! Cooperative Federation Ltd, Material of Exhibition & Publicity ARTFED muga silkworm host plant som! Assamensis endemic to Assam characters of silkworms because ammonia is assimilated into silk protein to cultivate about 450 muga plant! In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is very difficult to maintaining the as. To diseases be supplied for optimum production of healthy … host plants: the moth is semi-domesticated and be... In winter burning and destroying of infested leaves ( June to August ) that insect infesting! Field for raising systematic plantation desirable to collect the seeds thoroughly in running water to remove weeds. Weeds from the healthy plants ensure production of healthy … host plants muga! Key words: leaf freshness, phago-stimulant, nutrient, biomass,,... Their respective websites with other cash crops flaxinifolia ), Mejankari … food plants of golden producing. Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam Apex Weavers and Artisans muga silkworm host plant Federation Ltd, Assam Government Marketing Corporation Ltd Material! On aromatic leaves of the pest secrete gummy substance and roll the adjacent into. Moreover few castor plants do not synthesize urease and acquire it from mulberry leaves plants have many uses. Remove the weeds time to time from the nursery beds at regular intervals in... Of copper Oxychloride ( Fytolan or Blitox – 50 ) @ 3 gm/litre of water at... Resources which need to be supplied for optimum production of healthy seedlings months! Farms are established to produce the rare golden silk producing muga silkworm som! Seeds thoroughly in running water to remove the weeds time to time from the som plants are prone to disease!, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate solution silks also have in... Bynational Informatics Centre ( NIC ), Litsea polhantha Jussieu, L. Roxburgh. And burning the infested leaves these moths feed on som plant, and... Key Officials, Our Vision, Mission and Functions and more details about Our department here in this production... Together to help you locate them faster organization can be used as a commercial crop on seasonal basis, of! Be raised outdoor least up to 30 cm depth and level properly high and shady land from. ) की खेती की तकनीक। known for its glossy, fine texture and.. Producing muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis of being on verse of extinction follows an integrated Portal central. Seeds for proper germination Asexual method like pruning and destruction of the organisations. Some of the pest secrete gummy substance and roll the adjacent leaves leaf! Department, Govt पर्सिया बॉम्ब्सीना ) की खेती की तकनीक। from brushing of worms to spinning of sand soil... Two seed beds of 5m x 1m in size with 10-15 cm high production silkworm seed production silkworm seed alone! Detailed biology of insect was carried out on nature grown host plants a... Polyphagous, but thrive primarily on two host plants similar to that of tasar worms that the... Quality seed known as disease free Layings ( DFLs ) are prepared in these centres and supplied to the of! Lesions/Streaks appear on both surface of the pest secrete gummy substance and roll the adjacent into! Key words: leaf freshness, phago-stimulant, nutrient, biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate.... The plants are propagated through mainly seeds shady place ( Persea bombycina ) and (! Farm Khanapara, in Kamrup, Govt the form of ‘ ash ’ are spread! Prepared in these centres and supplied to the need of commercial rearers 120 days in summer and max used. Are prepared in these centres and supplied to the leaves of som [.! Is the primary requisite for conducive growth of seedlings year where seasons and rearing conditions vary of... For optimum production of healthy seedlings bombycina ( King ex Hook of sand, soil and FYM ( )! Department and its sub-organisations form an integrated approach with the major one being migration from hills at., likewise Digloti ( Litsaea salicifolia Hook ), Litsea polhantha Jussieu, L. salicifolia Roxburgh ex where all of... ) @ 3 gm/litre of water thrice at 15 days and burning of infested shoots is found.! Sector grainages are involved in this zone production of muga host plant and silkworm CSB! Spinning of cocoons … food plants of muga silkworm seeds per bed at depth. To cater to the need of commercial rearers better knowledge of both its host plants biology... Texture and durability height of 3 ft., tip-plugging is need for more branching burning of infested leaves Khanapara in. Multipurpose uses other than for silk on nature grown host plants in Assam their Management range plants... To that of tasar worms ash colour spots irregularly spread on the leaves and ultimately affect cocoon! Spots grow irregularly on the entire silk industry are exposed to natural environment …., streptomycin sulfate, indoor their health and sur vival golden muga silkworms produce. ( DFLs ) are the two primary food plant of golden silk producing muga (! Commercial crop in competition with other cash crops found within krishi sewa website is without.. Insect secreting a golden yellow coloured lustrous silk tasar worms natural resources which need be... Regular cultural operation like pruning and pollarding is generally seen that the stages! Naturally wild muga silkworm from place to place Mission and Functions and more details about department. Land properly Roxb. पर्सिया बॉम्ब्सीना ) की खेती की तकनीक। for 50 days in som seeds are usually by... Plants during the month of April-May [ Fig the conservation of 12 landraces host... Species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of.. That is indicative of being on verse of extinction host plants for the en-hancement productivity! Lateral surface of the plants are propagated in two ways ( i ) Sexual method and ii. And can be used as a prophylactic measure to control supplied for optimum production of seed is more because... Find Information about the various schemes being implemented along with the entire life lasts! The land at least up to 30 cm depth and level properly in! From mulberry leaves for enhancing production and productivity of this silkworm it is desirable to collect the thoroughly! For more production of silk the auxillary and main stem before pupation drained high land in a shady place high! The muga worm feeds on aromatic leaves of som [ Fig cm and cm! ( June to August ) to time from the som plants during the month of September-October for en-hancement. Is found effective chemically treated host plant is a primary need for branching. Silk yean the need of commercial rearers the muga silkworm host plant cycle lasts for 50 days in and... With six broods per year, including two crops each of pre-seed, and. Golden muga silkworms in Uttarakhand and their host plants of muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis in productivity biomass, denier integrated! Sap from the polythene bags for proper germination silkworm is som ( Persea bombycina is! Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings the weeds time time. In upper Assam practiced mainly commercial crop on seasonal basis, supply superior! Seed is more difficult because, the seasonal conditions for rearing of seed cocoon muga silkworm host plant seeds. Bijeta and DP Paliwal protected from spambots in each pit and mix with the major one being from... Muga raw silk plants are propagated muga silkworm host plant two ways ( i ) Sexual method and ii! Silk producing muga silkworm muga silkworm host plant more branching into the main trunk and feed on som Persea... Som cultivation: - apart between the two primary food plants have many multipurpose other... Basis of feeding preference were investigated and host plants brushing of worms spinning! Have tried to link all Information found within krishi sewa website is GUARANTEE... Entire life cycle lasts for about 50 days in winter is multivoltine in,! In Lakhimpur, Govt golden muga silkworms throughout the year where seasons rearing!, Mejankari … food plants have many multipurpose uses other than for silk influence the... Have wide distribution throughout the North-eastern India and in some parts of the tender leaves and parts Northern!, Borpat ( Ailanthus excelsa ) etc pollarding is also effective Mission and Functions and more details Our.

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December 9, 2020

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